The difference between hemp and cannabis

Hemp and cannabis belong to the same species, the species Cannabis sativa L, from the botanical family of Cannabaceae. Their different designation is mainly due to their content of different organic compounds and their use. Among these components, the best known are THC and CBD, but there are more than a hundred in the plant, which are called in particular cannabinoids.  

THC is the component in cannabis that is responsible for the famous “high”. The latter has therapeutic effects, but can also cause harmful effects, especially if consumed in large quantities.

Cannabidiol, CBD, is also a cannabinoid, but does not induce the euphoric effects of THC. Much research is currently being carried out on this component, because it seems to carry numerous therapeutic and beneficial effects for health. 

THC and CBD content

In Canada, cannabis strains containing less than 0.3% THC are referred to as hemp (for some countries the rate is 0.2%) while strains containing more than 0.3% are referred to as cannabis. That said, for cultivated hemp plants, there is no limit to their CBD level. 

When it comes to cannabis, there are several subspecies and cultivars (obtained by hybridization) whose THC and CBD levels are highly variable.


Cultivated hemp has many uses. Stem fibers can be used in the manufacture of papers, fabrics, ropes and twines, as well as construction materials. The seed is used in the manufacture of oil, food, both for humans and animals, and cosmetics (anti-aging products, soaps, creams, serums and lotions).

For its part, cannabis is used for recreational purposes (its psychotropic effect is appreciated by many) and therapeutic. In recent years, scientific research has greatly accelerated on the medical benefits of cannabis use. Indeed, the plant demonstrates many medicinal virtues. Among these, the use of cannabis has been shown to be very effective in combating loss of appetite, relieving nausea and vomiting as well as pain associated with multiple sclerosis and cancer. 

Did you know that, tor like cannabis plants, do humans naturally have organic compounds called cannabinoids in their bodies?  

This is because the human body produces cannabinoids through an important system called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The human endocannabinoid system has two main types of receptors: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found mainly in the nervous system and in certain organs and CB2 in the immune system. According to studies, the SEC helps to aid recovery from stress, protection of the nervous system, the immune response and homeostatic balance (stabilization of physiological constants).

Interesting, isn't it?